AGBA Conference

17th Annual World Congress

Academy for Global Business Advancement's
17th Face-to-Face (in Person) Annual World Congress

Conference Theme:
"Business and Entrepreneurship Development in a
Globalized and Digitalized Era”

August 2---4, 2021
Double-Tree Hilton Hotel
Conference Chair Keynote Speaker Distinguished Speaker # 1 Distinguished Speaker # 2 Distinguished Speaker # 3
Dana-Nicoleta Lascu
Professor of Marketing
University of Richmond
Richmond, Virginia,
Dheeraj P. Sharma
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak
Rohtak, State of Haryana
Najiba Benabess
Talbor School of Business
Millikin University
Decatur Illinois
Viput Ongsakul
Former Dean
NIDA Business School
National Institute of Development Administration
Mohamed Alshami
College of Economics and Management
Al-Qasimia University
United Arab Emirates
Distinguished Speaker # 4 Distinguished Speaker # 5 Distinguished Speaker # 6 Distinguished Speaker # 7 Distinguished Speaker # 8
Shivendra K. Pandey
Dean of Academics
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak
Rohtak, State of Haryana
Zafar Husain
College of Business
Al Ain University
Sanjaya Singh Gaur
Clinical Professor of Marketing
New York University
New York City
Christopher J. Marquette
Managing Editor
Journal for Global Business Advancement
Inderscience Publisher
Badiuddin Ahmed
Former Dean
School of Commerce and Business Management
Maulana Azad National
Urdu University
Distinguished Speaker # 7 Distinguished Speaker # 8 Distinguished Speaker # 9 Distinguished Speaker # 10 Distinguished Speaker # 11
Roger Tanious
Legal Counsel
Khalil Yassine
Vice President
Saudi Arabia
Osama Sam Al-Kwifi
Deputy Editor
Joirnal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development
Inderscience Publisher
Abrar Ali Saiyed
Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
Anisur R. Faroque
Senior Researcher
School of Business and Management
University of Technology

AGBA's Profile

 AGBA Brief:
Academy for Global Business Advancement (AGBA) was established in the American State of Texas as a "Not-for-Profit" organization in 2000. It is proud to boast today a membership of more than 1000 members based in more than 50 countries that include scholars from reputed academic institutions, corporate leaders, governmental officials, global entrepreneurs, global traders, global exporters and importers, professionals, and consultants based in western and emerging countries.

AGBA, as a global organization, aims to help academics and scholars at business schools across emerging countries to connect with the western (developed) world for mutual benefit. Such collaboration would accelerate the pace of globalization by furnishing ample opportunities to scholars in emerging countries to get recognition, disseminate new knowledge and assert themselves on the global stage.

 AGBA's Vision:
To be globally recognized as a leading "Not-for-Profit Charitable American NGO" dedicated to serve the academic, professional, government, corporate and entrepreneurial sectors worldwide.

AGBA's Mission:
Building on the dynamics of the ongoing globalization process, AGBA is committed to provide a global platform aimed at assisting academics, scholars, professionals, officials, entrepreneurs and consultants of emerging countries to assert themselves on the global stage for recognition, networking and dissemination of knowledge.

AGBA's Focus:
The main focus of AGBA is to provide an ongoing open global forum to discuss and analyze business and entrepreneurship development from different perspectives and viewpoints in order to improve understanding of underlying forces that (1) impact global developments and (2) shape the destiny of emerging countries such as Turkey, India, China, Thailand, Kenya, Indonesia, Malaysia, United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain, etc. in the contemporary globalized economy. AGBA bridges geographic, cultural, disciplinary, and professional gaps by integrating different business disciplines while actively enhancing practitioner -- academician interactions on a regional and global basis.

AGBA is sponsored by numerous universities, organizations, and agencies across US, Canada, UK, Europe, South America, Asia, and Africa.

AGBA's Core Business:

AGBA’s Switzerland Based and Scopus Indexed 1st Journal

Journal for Global Business Advancement

ISSN (Online) is 1746-9678 and its ISSN Print is: 1746-966X
Published by
Inderscience Enterprises Ltd
World Trade Center Building
29 Route De Pre-Bois, Case Postale 856,
Geneva (Ch-1215)

Indexed in Scopus
JGBA’s Cite Score: 0.9
JGBA’s SJR Score: 0.212
JGBA’s SNIP Score: 0.341

Scimago Journal & Country Rank
JGBA’s H Index: 9

JGBA is indexed/listed in:

AGBA’s Switzerland Based and Scopus Indexed 2nd Journal

Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development

ISSN (Online) is #: 1747-6763 and its ISSN Print # is: 1549-9324
Published by
Inderscience Enterprises Ltd
World Trade Center Building
29 Route De Pre-Bois, Case Postale 856,
Geneva (Ch-1215)

Indexed in Scopus
JIBED’s Cite Score: 0.4
JIBED’s SJR Score: 0.107
JIBED’s SNIP Score: 0.103

Indexed in Emerging Sources Citation Index
Web of Science Core Collection:

Scimago Journal & Country Rank
JIBED’s H Index: 2

JIBED is indexed/listed in:

Republic of Turkey

Conference Logistics

Conference Organizers:
Millikin University, Decatur, Illinois, USA.

Conference Sponsor:
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak, Rohtak, State of Haryana, India.

Conference Venue:
Double–Tree Hilton Hotel, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey.

Conference Hotel:
Double–Tree Hilton Hotel, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey.

Its Physical Address is:
Cihangir, D-100 Güney Yan Yolu No:289, 34310 Avcılar/İstanbul, Turkey.

AGBA has negotiated following Special Rate if you mention “AGBA’s Conference”:

Please cruise Hotel’s following website for details: ISTAVDI/index.html?WT.mc_id=zELWAKN0EMEA1DT2DMH3LocalSearch4DGGenericx6ISTAVDI

Economy (Budget) Hotel: ---Avcılar Elit Hotel
Rate: Only USD $20 per night inclusive of all taxes and breakfast if you book 3 months in advance.
It is located walking distance from our conference hotel and conference venue.
Address: Cihangir Mahallesi Mesrutiyet Caddesi No 8 Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey. Tel: +(90)-212-422-0828.

Turkish Tourist Visa:
All AGBA conference delegates (without any exception) are requested to kindly obtain Turkish Tourist Visa to attend our conference. Kindly DO NOT apply for Conference Visa. Kindly do not ask AGBA or our host university to issue any visa letter for you. Turkey is a tourist friendly country and grants tourist visas to citizens of all countries with a smiling face. Kindly make sure that your passport has at least one year validity. Kindly cruise the following website to apply for Turkish tourist visa online:

Payment of Registration Fees:
All delegates are requested to kindly pay their conference registration fees on site in CASH only. Global delegates are requested to kindly pay their fees in US dollars ONLY and Turkish delegates are requested to kindly pay their fees in Turkish Lira ONLY. Sorry, we DO NOT have arrangements for Credit Cards, Debit Cards, Cheques (Checks), and Drafts etc.

Conference Hotel --- DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Istanbul – Avcilar (Turkey)

Manuscript Preparation

We welcome manuscripts that address the conference theme as well as all functional areas of Business Administration (e.g., Accounting, Commerce, Economics, Operations, Finance, Information System, Management, Marketing, Public Administration, Entrepreneurship, International Business, Hospitality and Tourism Management, Business Law, Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, Islamic Business, Agricultural Economics, Leisure Management, and Recreation Resource Management). If you are uncertain whether your paper fits the conference theme or not, please contact our Conference Director/Program Chair (Dr. Christopher J. Marquette) via his email

• Agricultural Economics
• Emerging Markets
• Economic Development
• Global Business Environment
• Offshoring and Outsourcing
• Entrepreneurship
• Family Business
• Business Law
• Marketing
• Real-estate Management
• Actuarial Science
• Business Education
• Health Care Management
• Managerial Communication Organizational Behavior
• Impact of COVID—19 on Businesses

• Health-Care Management
• Hospital Management
• Patient Care Management
• Hospitality Management
• Tourism Management
• Recreation, Parks and Leisure
• Global Economic Meltdown
• Artificial Intelligence
• Computer Information System
• Blockchain and Crypto Currency
• Impact of Technologies
• E-Commerce and E-Business
• Supply Chain Management
• Finance and Banking
• Commerce
• Economics
• Accounting and Auditing
• Taxation

• Public Sector Management
• Public Administration
• Management Science
• Human Resource Management
• Operations Management
• Islamic Business Management
• Cross-Cultural Management
• Environmental Management
• Islamic Banking & Finance
• Business Ethics
• Innovation Management
• Green Business Sustainability
• Corporate Social Responsibility
• Social Entrepreneurship
• Knowledge Management
• Behavioral Finance
• Energy Economics

Manuscript Preparation

Christopher J. Marquette
BS (Illinois), MBA (Illinois), Ph.D., (Texas)
Grover Hermann Professor of Business
Department of Finance
Tabor School of Business
Millikin University
Decatur, Illinois,

Dolmabahce Palace (Istanbul)

A Sample Abstract for Your Benchmarking

Structural Exclusiveness and Poverty:
An e-Entrepreneurship Based Approach to Rural Development Across China

Xiaohong He
Professor of International Business
Department of International Business
School of Business
Quinnipiac University
Hamden, Connecticut


The growing level of inequality in the 21st century is a social, political and economic issue concerned by conscious citizens, scholars and policy makers around the world. Some on the right argue that inequality motivates progress and punishes laziness. In reality, under harsh conditions without any social safety net, the poor often have to work extremely hard just to survive. There is no real moral argument for concentration of outsize wealth vs. widespread poverty in today’s world. To this end, this research study asks the question - "How disruptive forces brought by technology and innovation can be better understood and employed from the perspectives of individuals and communities in rural and less developed regions?" To answer this question, this paper develops a conceptual framework that connects enablers and structural obstacles facing rural e-entrepreneurs; and then applies the framework to explore existing circumstances and to offer explanations leading toward theory building. In this context, this paper uses a case study approach that involving “what”, “why” and “how” questions to connect ideas of global importance from local Chinese practice.

Keywords: Structural Exclusiveness, Poverty, e-Entrepreneurship, Rural Development, and China.

Grand Bazaar

Conference’s Global Languages

Manuscript Submissions in Turkish Language

AGBA also welcomes submission of manuscripts in Turkish language that address conference theme as well as all functional areas of business administration. Please submit your manuscripts in Turkish language to our following Turkish Program Chair:

Omer F. Genc
Assistant Professor of International Business
Department of Marketing
Williamson College of Business Administration
Youngstown State University
Youngstown, Ohio

Manuscript Submissions in Arabic Language

AGBA also welcomes submission of manuscripts in Arabic language that address conference theme as well as all functional areas of business administration. Please submit your manuscripts in Arabic language to our following Arabic Program Chair:

Mohammed Aboramadan
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Department of Economics
University of Insubria
Como and Varese

Manuscript Submissions in Persian (Farsi) Language

AGBA also welcomes submission of manuscripts in Persian (Farsi) language that address conference theme as well as all functional areas of business administration. Please submit your manuscripts in Persian (Farsi) language to our following Persian (Farsi) Program Chair:

Hossien Bodaghi Khajeh Noubar
Department of Business Administration
Islamic Azad University
Tabriz Branch
East Azerbaijan Province

Bosphorus Bridge Linking Two Continents (Asia with Europe)

Journal Publication Opportunities

Best papers presented at our conference will be eligible to be published in the Special Issues of the following Western Journals after substantial revisions.

Blue Mosque (Istanbul)

Mentoring Doctoral Students

AGBA’s 2021 Doctoral Consortium will focus on mentoring doctoral students hailing from emerging countries. The faculty panel of the 2021 Doctoral Student Consortium will consist of accomplished and globally acclaimed scholars; who have a distinguished scholarly publication record, have served as editors of leading global journals, and/or have experience in supervising doctoral students across western countries such as US, UK, EU, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

AGBA’s 2021 Doctoral Consortium is a workshop for Ph.D. students from all over the world to further develop their research ideas, to learn about the challenges of conducting business research, building a successful academic career in their fields, and to broaden their professional networks on the global stage.  

Consistent with the developmental mission of AGBA, the consortium is open for Ph.D. students from all over the world, who would be attending its global conference in Turkey. One-to-one mentoring to Ph.D., students would be provided on the third day of the conference on August 4, 2021.

Ideally, doctoral students should have a strong research idea or be close to completing a doctoral dissertation proposal, and be far enough away from finishing their dissertation so that they could make good use of feedback received from their doctoral mentors during the conference.

Kindly contact AGBA’s President and CEO to schedule your mentoring session at least one month before our Turkish conference:

Zafar U. Ahmed
BBA (New York), MBA (Texas), Ph.D., (Utah), D. Litt., (India)
Professor of Marketing and International Business
Founder, President and CEO:
Academy for Global Business Advancement
Founder and Editor-in-Chief:
Journal for Global Business Advancement
Founder and Editor-in-Chief
Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development
Alexandria, State of Virginia,

Basilica Cistern (Istanbul)

Why Turkey???

Our Host City (Istanbul):

Istanbul formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city of Turkey and is country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporusstrait (which separates Europe and Asia) between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of over 30 million residents, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous and largest city. It is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (coterminous with Istanbul Province). Istanbul is a bridge between the East and West.

Founded under the name of Byzantion (Βυζάντιον) on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BCE, the city grew in size and influence, becoming one of the most important cities in global history. After its re-establishment as Constantinople in 330 CE, it served as an imperial capital for almost 16 centuries, during the Roman/Byzantine (330–1204), Latin(1204–1261), Palaiologos Byzantine (1261–1453) and Ottoman (1453–1922) empires. It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 CE and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate. Under the name Constantinople it was the Ottoman capital until 1923. The capital was then moved to Ankara and the city is now called Istanbul.

The city held the strategic position between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. It was also on the historic Silk Road. It controlled rail networks to Europe and the Middle East, and was the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. In 1923 Ankara was chosen instead as the new Turkish capital after the Turkish War of Independence, and the city's name was changed to Istanbul. Nevertheless, the city maintained its prominence in geopolitical and cultural affairs. The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have moved in and city limits have expanded to accommodate them. Arts, music, film, and cultural festivals were established towards the end of the 20th century and continue to be hosted by the city today. Infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network in the city with a new world-class airport (IST) added to its infrastructure. .

Istanbul is the European Capital of Culture, making the world's the world's fifth most popular tourist destination. The city's biggest attraction is its historic center, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its cultural and entertainment hub is across city's natural harbor, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district. Considered as a global city, Istanbul has one of the fastest-growing metropolitan economies in the world. It hosts the headquarters of thousands of Turkish companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul has bid to host Summer Olympics five times during the last twenty years.

If the world had been one country, most likely Istanbul would have been chosen as its “Global Capital” considering richness of its history and location between Asia and Europe.

AGBA's 2021 Global Business Forum

An strategic alliance between AGBA (USA), Millikin University (USA), Indian Institute of Management Rohtak (India), and the EPIC Technology Group (Pvt) Ltd. (Sri Lanka) invites participation from global entrepreneurs, investors, importers, exporters, traders, professionals, consultants, heads of major government-owned enterprises, owners of private business firms, and government officials from across the world to attend “ABGA's 2021 Global Business Forum” for global business interactions, networking and negotiations. It would be chaired by the following distinguished global entrepreneur. Please drop him a line about your intention to attend ABGA's 2021 Global Business Forum:

Nayana Dehigama
Executive Chairman & Managing Director
EPIC Technology Group
Sri Lanka


The third day (August 4, 2021) of the conference will be exclusively devoted to AGBA's 2021 Global Business Forum to be organized in collaboration with the local Turkish business community. Speakers will include government officials, global entrepreneurs, global corporate leaders, and global consultants covering topics such as digitalization of global business operations; innovation and global entrepreneurship; global manufacturing to promote trade, economic growth and employment; sharing success stories, opportunities, and challenges in global business; “Make in Turkey” initiative of the Government of Turkey; and Investment opportunities of “Turkish Inbound and Outbound FDI”.

Corporate Sponsors of Global Business Forum are:
Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Entrepreneur Global Corporate Leader
Khalil Yassine
Managing Director
(Saudi Arabia)
Saudi Arabia
Fareed Al Yagout
President and CEO
Al-Zamil Electronic and Power Company
Saudi Arabia
Ibrahim Khalid Al–Sulaiti
General Principal
A.J. Holdings
London, England
Abdullah Al-Shidadi
NAMA Group of Companies
Saudi Arabia
Yahya Al-Serhan
President and CEO Innovative Solutions Development Associates (ISDA) Riyadh
Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Entrepreneur Global Entrepreneur
Ibrahim Akoum
Managing Partner
International Center for Modern Training
Lavanya Rastogi
President and CEO
Minerva Groupe
Houston, Texas,
Said Seif Mzee
Managing Director
Zanzibar State
Trading Corporation

Roger Tanios
General Counsel
Industrial Development and Consulting Services
Satriyo Budi Cahyono
Director General
Department of Treasury
Ministry of Finance
Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader Global Corporate Leader
Ghaffar Imtiaz
Program Delivery Director and CEO’s Senior Advisor
Metro Jeddah Company
Saudi Arabia
Nayana Dehigama
Owner, Executive
Chairman & Managing Director
EPIC Technology Group
Sri Lanka
Saud E. Al-Malaq
Malaq Investment Group
Saudi Arabia
Mohamed Ismail Abdul Hassan
Senior General Manager Dialog Axiata PLC Colombo
Sri Lanka
Khalid Al-Sulaiti
(Cultural Village Foundation)

Professional Development Program on “Turkey’s Economic Miracle”, August 1 --- 10, 2021

Professional Development Program (PDP) on Turkey’s Economic Miracle is conceived and developed by AGBA to help Policy Makers, Politicians, Thought Leaders, Bureaucrats, Intellectuals, Philosophers, Professors, Scholars, Entrepreneurs, Consultants and Professionals across emerging countries learn how Turkey has succeeded in establishing a vibrant, resilient and successful economy (a Role Model for Emerging Countries) such as Pakistan, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Afghanistan.

Turkey is defined by global economists and political scientists as one of the world's newly industrialized economies. Turkey has the world's 17th largest nominal GDP, and 13th largest GDP by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) Theory. The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products, transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances. For example, Turkey hosted over 58 million global tourists and received over USD $40 billion in revenue from its global tourism industry in 2019 (making it an outstanding Role Model for emerging countries).

By the conclusion of this PDP on Turkey’s Economic Miracle; you will be able to:

Double-Tree Hilton Hotel, Avcılar, Istanbul, Turkey.

USD $4,990 is the program fee covering the following (Per Delegate):

Program Schedule:
August 1, 2021 --- Arrival in Istanbul and check-in into your 4 Star Hotel after 12 Noon.
August 2, 2021 --- Attend AGBA’s Turkish Conference.
August 3, 2021 --- Attend AGBA’s Turkish Conference, Award Ceremony, and Gala Dinner.
August 4, 2021 --- Attend AGBA’s Global Business Forum.
August 5, 2021 --- Inauguration of PDP on Turkey’s Economic Miracle.
August 6, 2021 --- Industrial Visits to Global MNCs based across Istanbul.
August 7, 2021 --- Industrial Visits to Turkish Global Firms across Istanbul.
August 8, 2021 --- Presentations by Turkish Policy Makers, Politicians and Thought Leaders.
August 9, 2021 --- Sightseeing Across Istanbul.
August 10, 2021 -- Checkout from your 4 Star Hotel at 12 Noon. End of Turkish PDP.